Amazing Facts About Steel Mills

Although iron is one of the strongest and most durable elements on earth, it has several minus points, from the higher costs of raw iron to the oxidative damage it suffers from oxygen and moisture exposure. This is where steel comes into play! Being an alloy made from carbon, chromium, and iron, steel does not work for rust and can last long. Over the years, steel has been revolutionized in different ways to overcome the minus points, all thanks to the advancements in metallurgy. Perhaps this is why so many different steel plants have been set up worldwide. As the demand for this alloy increases at a galloping speed, many new companies have emerged. While we all know steel mills or plants are used for manufacturing steel from raw materials, only a handful of people have an idea about what goes on inside the mills. So, if you are interested in learning more about steel mills and some of the most amusing facts about the same, the following discussion will clarify most of your doubts.

Most parts of steel mills have orange and red colors.

You will be amazed to know that if you look at the entire steel plant, especially at the manufacturing location, the main colors you will come across are red and orange. Want to know why? One cannot make steel by pressing iron with carbon and chromium. Instead, all metals must be melted at high temperatures and then fused using specific processes. Until and unless they are melted completely, mixing or fusion is impossible. Besides, to process steel and give it different shapes, it needs to be red hot. The main color options you can find around in the steel plants are red and orange. And to be honest, it almost feels as if the machines and people are working with hot molten lava.

Semi-liquid to solid-state conversion can be seen in steel plants.

We all know how liquid is converted to solid using cooling or freezing action. But in steel mills, you will come across a more advanced process where an object in the semi-liquid state is converted into another object having a solid and rigid form. Here, steel is used in a semi-liquid form where it is molten and then used to form different types of objects and items, like wires, rods, utensils, etc. Once the desired shape is obtained, the component is suddenly dipped into cold water to solidify instantly without forming air bubbles because that can make the objects brittle and fragile. The air above the cold water pools will be nothing less than a floating cloud, which is a wonderful sight to watch.

Steel plants aren’t just for manufacturing steel.

You are highly wrong if you think that steel plants are mainly the site for manufacturing steel from iron, carbon, and chromium. Instead, the manufacturing unit is divided into multiple units where a particular function will be carried on. For instance, metals are molten in one segment, while in the other one, molten steel is stretched and twisted to form steel wires. Similarly, in some sections, you can find people constantly heating the steel to keep it soft and flexible so that one can use its malleability and ductility features full-on.

These plants are prone to accidents and mishaps.

It is not something unknown that the steel plants are indeed one of the major places where any accident or mishap can easily take place. With such high temperatures, pools of molten steel, red hot iron and carbon, and so many other machinery items, accidents are common. If you look at the reports, you will see several steel plants have endured different types of mishaps. Although every work is carried on with utmost safety, accidents are inevitable. For example, if the molten steel somehow falls on someone’s skin, it won’t just burn. Instead, it will cause more damage than we expect. This is why every steel mill is exercising special care so that the chances of accidents and mishaps can be reduced effectively.

Steel plants are one of the major sources of pollution.

Believe it or not, steel plants cause different types of pollution. The soot and exhaust coming out from the plants cause air pollution, while the hot water released from the plants into the surrounding water bodies results in water pollution. So, steel plants need to revolutionize their work processes and opt for further machinery items to keep pollution at bay.

Conclusion

With these five facts about steel mills, you can easily understand how beneficial steel mills are and how difficult it is for workers to work there in such risky situations. Perhaps this is why most companies are adopting new and advanced technologies.

9 hardware tools and equipment you should have at your home

From carpentry works to attaching a photo frame to the wall in your living room, you need nails, screwdrivers, hammers, chisels, screws, bolts and nuts, and so many other tools. These are very common, and you can find them in almost every household. But the question is, do you have these? If you aren’t yet aware of the hardware tools you need at home, the following discussion will help you choose the best objects. Besides, this walkthrough will give you a heads-up about how to make a complete toolkit that you can use for almost any type of work without any worry.

Pliers

Pliers are great for temporarily attaching two or more objects when you are buying in doing something else. For example, needle nose pliers are the most common tools you need to cut wires, twist any insulated pipe, remove the outer wire insulation, etc.

Pocket knives

Pocket knives are used in various applications, from cutting paper or string to scissors and small hand saws with serrated blades. As a result, the number of components in pocket knives will vary from one product to the other. So, before you make a purchase, ensure to check if the knife has all requirements or not.

Tapes

It is crucial to understand how tapes play a crucial role in woodworking or any other type of hardware element; duct tapes are used to tie many things together, while double-ended tapes can keep two things attached without the use of any fastener. Sometimes, you will also come across masking tapes needed during painting.

Saws

Saws are much stronger than knives and are usually used to cut different types of wood, from hardwood to ply boards. They came in two forms — handsaw and chained saws. In the handsaw, a long metallic blade is connected to the handle. One edge of the saw is serrated so that you can cut through the wood fibers easily, while the other end is plain and smooth. The products are reinforced with a motor in chainsaws, which further drives the chain over the metallic blade.

Electric drill

An electric drill is one of the main hardware tools you must have in your kit without fail. It is used to make holes in walls, metallic bodies, wooden workpieces, and other things. You can easily insert the screws, nuts and bolts, washers, and other fasteners with the hole being created. Apart from this, drills are also used to make different-sized holes in the concerned workpiece. While buying the electric drill, you need to choose the proper bit size based on the cutting edges, cylindrical diameter, and overall length.

Nails and screws

Another class of fasteners is nails and screws. Nails are mainly used in attaching wooden parts, making a hook on walls, mounting anything from the wall, etc. On the other hand, screws attach two parts where the base is thick and can’t be accessed through nuts and bolts. Both nails and screws come in different lengths and thicknesses. You should choose the best hardware tool according to the requirements.

Fasteners

You often have to attach different components like two wooden pieces, a steel plate to a concrete slab, etc. Owing to this, you need special equipment units, called fasteners. They will help you attach different pieces so they won’t come apart anytime soon. The main categories of fasteners are bolts and nuts, washers, and rivets. For instance, you can have anchor bolts, U-shaped bolts, hex nuts, machine screws, wing nuts, nylon insert nuts, flat washers, square plate washers, tooth lock washers, large flange pop rivets, pop rivets, and drive rivets.

Chisels

Chisels are mainly used to cut wood from an entire workpiece. They come in a wide range of shapes and sizes, but all of them are used for eliminating wooden pieces and getting a rough shape of the workpiece. They also help achieve a smooth surface, different angles, and so on. Some of the most common chisels are stone chisels, mortise chisels, curved chisels, sash chisels, masonry chisels, beveled edge chisels, dovetail chisels, and framing chisels.

Brushes

Brushes are not just needed to paint your furniture surfaces or walls. Instead, several brushes are used to dust interior electrical parts, clean, dry dust and soot from different objects, remove any debris from the workstations, and perform several other tasks. Since you won’t need the brushes too often, you can choose a plastic set. But if you want the brushes for painting work, a wooden brush set is better.

Conclusion

Since there are so many different hardware tools that you can have, you need to make a wide decision before proceeding further. Yes, it is not easy to select the types of tools you have to buy for the toolkit. But once you grade them based on priority and align them according to your requirements, you can easily work on making a complete checklist about the hardware tools you need.

What Should You Keep In Mind When Choosing Building Materials?

With the construction industry evolving rapidly, it has become imminent for contractors and builders to choose the highest quality of building materials. It can be concrete which forms the base of most constructions, bricks, and wooden shingles used for roofs. If the building material quality is not good enough or as per the expectations, the building may collapse and cause a huge mishap. However, since there are so many different types of building materials suppliers available, choosing the best one is not a piece of cake. You will be shocked to know that most accidents caused due to weak construction are because of poor building material quality. This is why in this following section, we will talk about some of how you can easily work on the options at hand and get the best products.

Strength of all materials

One of the main factors you need to worry about while choosing the building materials is their strength. Strength is the load-bearing capacity before the concerned material breaks or shatters. So, for example, when we consider a concrete slab, its strength will be defined by the maximum load it can bear before it forms a crack on the surface. Similarly, when we consider steel rods or pipes, the strength will be determined by the maximum force they can withstand before they snap or become deformed. If the chosen materials do not have high strength as expected, they won’t form a strong foundation for the building. This is why you should check if the materials you have chosen are tested for load or not. And if they are tested, check the values and compare them to the project requirements.

Durability and longevity

Regardless of what materials you want for the building project, you should check the durability and longevity without fail. The products need to be highly durable and last for a long. When it comes to materials for the exterior part of the building, ensure they hold their structure and strength even after prolonged exposure to wear and tear and the elements. Similarly, the building materials for plumbing need to be leak-free and shouldn’t form rust. Failure to do so will lead you to a disaster because if the chosen materials are not durable enough, you won’t be able to live up to the expected quality of the building. Moreover, it will also put the lifetime and safety of the constructed building at risk.

Types of building materials

There are different types of building materials available in the market and used in the construction industry. Most people consider these materials limited to concrete, cement, gravel, stones, sand, and bricks. However, these materials will be used for building walls, pillars, floors, and other solid structures. However, the materials aren’t limited to only these items. Instead, it would help if you also got steel wires, steel pillars, and iron rods to help you form the entire framework. Apart from this, you also need to buy materials for flooring like granite, wooden planks, marble, quartz, etc. Also, according to the interior designs, you may have to get different-sized tiles for covering the kitchen backsplash, bathroom walls, floors, etc. Sometimes, glass panes also need to be bought to construct the walls of high-rise buildings and corporate buildings. Since there are so many different types of materials used in the construction of buildings, you need to choose the suppliers accordingly. Also, make sure the supplier is trustworthy and doesn’t supply any fabricated materials that are completely illegal.

Project requirement compatibility

The next thing you need to worry about is the compatibility of the building materials with the project requirements. For example, if your project requirements are iron rods for building the foundation, you cannot settle down with steel ones to cut down the budget. If that is the case, you will be risking the building’s safety. Similarly, if the floors need to be cemented first and then overlaid with marbles, you need to get the materials accordingly. But, again, any change in the plan and your building project will go in vain.

Environment compliance

You also need to ensure that the materials used for the construction of the buildings are safe and as per the environmental compliances. For example, the concrete slabs you have chosen shouldn’t be made from fly ash as it will cause a lot of pollution when cutting the concrete slabs. Similarly, you need to use high-quality cement to make the mortar that won’t suffer corrosion from wear and tear.

Conclusion

As the safety and quality of the buildings depend on the materials being used, there is no way in which you can compromise with the same. This is why you must look for the best building materials so that the construction can be of top-notch quality and your investment can yield profitable results. Have you ever wondered how your appliances can still operate even when there is a power cut in your area? The answer is very obvious — through a generator! A generator is a special electrical appliance that converts mechanical energy into electrical energy and transfers it to the appliances or the mains. Over the years, the demand for generators has surcharged. As a result, companies were compelled to launch generators of different types to cater to different people’s demands. If you aren’t aware of the types of generators available on the market to date, the following discussion will help increase your knowledge about the appliance type. By the time you reach the end of the article, you will have basic information about the generator types, their applications, and their different features.

Portable generators

From the name itself, you can understand you can easily carry this generator type from one place to the other. It usually comes with wheels to ensure you won’t have to face any hassles in moving the appliance to another location. In addition, it usually features a small contact size so that you won’t have to worry about any problem in positioning them at the desired location. You can find both diesel and gas-powered generators on the market. Recently, solar generators have also been launched in the market. The best situations where you can use the portable generators are outdoor parties, camping, camper vans, garage, etc.

Inverter generators

One of the best generators that you can find on the market is the inverter generator. It is more reliable and efficient in performance and power deliverability. The generator works in three phases:
  1. First, it produces a high-frequency alternating current.
  2. It is then converted into a DC signal having a certain frequency.
  3. Finally, the DC signal is converted back to the AC signal at a stable frequency in the final stage.
It is well-known for its capability to produce a constant current appliance supply. As a result, you won’t have to worry about sudden spikes in the AC or the voltages, ensuring the connected appliances are safe from electrical damage.

Standby generators

Standby generators need to be fixed in one place and are ideal for large homes, stores, office buildings, etc. They are highly efficient and generate more power than traditional or portable generators. This is why they occupy larger space than even air conditioners. The fuel tank is quite large because they need to produce a huge amount of electricity in a lower amount of time. The generators are reinforced with powerful engines capable of delivering huge power and maximum efficiency. You can even find standby generators based on IoT technology, where you can connect them with your phone and perform different operations.

Gasoline generator

If you are completely inexperienced in operating a generator or this is your first purchase, having a gasoline generator sounds like the best option. It runs on natural gas, which acts as the main fuel. In addition, since the fuel tank is much smaller and gaseous engines are simpler, these generators are compact and won’t take up too much space. Apart from this, gasoline generators are highly efficient and best for almost any quick functions like powering up a couple of appliances only or during any small party as a backup power source. Moreover, you won’t have to worry about buying a generator.

Diesel generator

Diesel generators also double as the standby generators since the fuel can provide more power than expected. Moreover, diesel has a higher calorific value and available in abundance. So, you won’t have to fill the tank now and then with diesel. Besides, the appliance won’t consume too much fuel, and hence you can save a lot of money on the same. They are quite heavy and hence, hard to carry from one place to another. However, you can use them throughout the year, even in freezing weather conditions, all thanks to the availability of special winter diesel. Moreover, as diesel burns at a much lower temperature, it won’t damage the engine or render your generator useless. This is one of the major benefits of using diesel generators.

Solar generator

Solar generator – the newest form of this technology – is gaining more popularity daily. They are reinforced with a battery that stores solar energy in static potential energy. When you connect the battery with the mains, the solar generator will produce an alternating current and light up all the connected appliances. Although there are several advantages of using solar generators, you won’t be able to use them in all weather conditions. Plus, their costs are quite high, and you can use them only for certain cases.

Conclusion

Since now you are aware of the top types of generators, you won’t have any problem choosing the best one for yourself. Just ensure the chosen category meets all your criteria, and the price is within your budget limit.

What are the type of generator

Have you ever wondered how your appliances can still operate even when there is a power cut in your area?
The answer is very obvious — through a generator!

A generator is a special electrical appliance that converts mechanical energy into electrical energy and transfers it to the appliances or the mains. Over the years, the demand for generators has surcharged. As a result, companies were compelled to launch generators of different types to cater to different people’s demands. If you aren’t aware of the types of generators available on the market to date, the following discussion will help increase your knowledge about the appliance type. By the time you reach the end of the article, you will have basic information about the generator types, their applications, and their different features.

Portable generators

From the name itself, you can understand you can easily carry this generator type from one place to the other. It usually comes with wheels to ensure you won’t have to face any hassles in moving the appliance to another location. In addition, it usually features a small contact size so that you won’t have to worry about any problem in positioning them at the desired location. You can find both diesel and gas-powered generators on the market. Recently, solar generators have also been launched in the market. The best situations where you can use the portable generators are outdoor parties, camping, camper vans, garage, etc.

Inverter generators

One of the best generators that you can find on the market is the inverter generator. It is more reliable and efficient in performance and power deliverability. The generator works in three phases:
  1. First, it produces a high-frequency alternating current.
  2. It is then converted into a DC signal having a certain frequency.
  3. Finally, the DC signal is converted back to the AC signal at a stable frequency in the final stage.
It is well-known for its capability to produce a constant current appliance supply. As a result, you won’t have to worry about sudden spikes in the AC or the voltages, ensuring the connected appliances are safe from electrical damage.

Standby generators

Standby generators need to be fixed in one place and are ideal for large homes, stores, office buildings, etc. They are highly efficient and generate more power than traditional or portable generators. This is why they occupy larger space than even air conditioners. The fuel tank is quite large because they need to produce a huge amount of electricity in a lower amount of time. The generators are reinforced with powerful engines capable of delivering huge power and maximum efficiency. You can even find standby generators based on IoT technology, where you can connect them with your phone and perform different operations.

Gasoline generator

If you are completely inexperienced in operating a generator or this is your first purchase, having a gasoline generator sounds like the best option. It runs on natural gas, which acts as the main fuel. In addition, since the fuel tank is much smaller and gaseous engines are simpler, these generators are compact and won’t take up too much space. Apart from this, gasoline generators are highly efficient and best for almost any quick functions like powering up a couple of appliances only or during any small party as a backup power source. Moreover, you won’t have to worry about buying a generator.

Diesel generator

Diesel generators also double as the standby generators since the fuel can provide more power than expected. Moreover, diesel has a higher calorific value and available in abundance. So, you won’t have to fill the tank now and then with diesel. Besides, the appliance won’t consume too much fuel, and hence you can save a lot of money on the same. They are quite heavy and hence, hard to carry from one place to another. However, you can use them throughout the year, even in freezing weather conditions, all thanks to the availability of special winter diesel. Moreover, as diesel burns at a much lower temperature, it won’t damage the engine or render your generator useless. This is one of the major benefits of using diesel generators.

Solar generator

Solar generator – the newest form of this technology – is gaining more popularity daily. They are reinforced with a battery that stores solar energy in static potential energy. When you connect the battery with the mains, the solar generator will produce an alternating current and light up all the connected appliances. Although there are several advantages of using solar generators, you won’t be able to use them in all weather conditions. Plus, their costs are quite high, and you can use them only for certain cases.

Conclusion

Since now you are aware of the top types of generators, you won’t have any problem choosing the best one for yourself. Just ensure the chosen category meets all your criteria, and the price is within your budget limit.

What is the procedure for Import Export Business License In UAE

The United Arab Emirates is one of the most lucrative countries where businesses worldwide start their outlets or branches. The allowances on income taxes, revenues, GSTs, and other such payments have made this country outstanding for businesses, both native and international brands. So if you are planning to take your business up by several notches, UAE will be the best place to make a try. But, before you make any arrangements, your primary step will be to work on getting a trade license from the UAE government, especially for import/export services. To help you out with the entire task, we have explained the process you need to follow to earn the license in no time.

Import-export business license in Dubai – a brief introduction

You need to know the importance of getting an import-export business license in the UAE. The country is popular for different types of businesses, both headquartered and branched ones; they need special trade licenses to buy goods from other nations or send their products and items to other nations. If your business needs to buy something from another company outside UAE and the products need to be shipped in the country, you need to have an import license. Similarly, you need to procure the export license when you export things produced under your business name outside UAE. Failure to do so may lead to severe penalties concerning customs duties, import-export taxes, shipping, logistics, etc. This is why you should apply for a permit if you want to continue with the business successfully in the long run.

Eligibility for Dubai-based import-export business license

Until and unless you meet the requirements for an import-export business license within Dubai, UAE, you won’t be able to apply for the same and get the application approved. So, to help you prevent this situation, we have pointed out the basic requirement criterion.
  1. You need to have a business registered under the UAE government for importing and exporting different types of products.
  2. If you do not have any physical location in UAE but want to ship the products to any Dubai-based company, you need to procure the business license and all the legal documents to get the license.
  3. You shouldn’t have any fraud, bankruptcy, or other criminal and judicial record under your business name.

Fees to deposit to get the business license in Dubai, UAE

The fees to be deposited to obtain the export-import business license in Dubai, UAE, will vary from time to time. But the average amount you need to give is approximately AED 25,000. This specific price is broken up into several components, according to all the permits and allowances you need to import or export tangible and intangible assets. Below is the main license fee breakup list that will clarify most of your doubts:
  1. AED 13000 is charged for the mainland trade license
  2. AED 10000 is issued for the virtual office you get with Ejari
  3. For name registration and submission, application form cost, and others, the overall expenses can be AED 1500.
  4. To get the import-export code, you need to pay AED 500 minimum.
Please note that all these values are subject to change, and thus, you should confirm the same with any agency or government site and proceed further.

Documents required for UAE import-export business license

First of all, you need to submit the following documents to obtain the trade license based in Dubai:
  1. Company registration form
  2. Reservation document for the trade name
  3. Passport-sized picture of the applicant
Once you get the trade license, you can apply for an import-export license in Dubai.

Customer registration for import license in Dubai

Apart from the trade license, you also need to obtain the customer registration number for the import and export license and code. For this, the documents needed are:
  1. Trade license with renewed and updated stamp
  2. Passport of the applicant
  3. A request letter for the code
  4. A receipt for import-export license fee payment
  5. A copy of the applicant’s visa
  6. Memorandum of Association
  7. Tenancy Agreement copy of the office property

Setting up a UAE business – an appropriate guide

Setting up a new business in UAE won’t be a concern anymore because it is super easy, and there are not many rules and regulations you have to abide by. But that doesn’t mean you can walk with no document or license, expecting to start the business and import/export operations. You should have all the required documents so that you won’t have to face any legal issues.

Conclusion

Although obtaining an import-export license in the UAE is not complicated, you still need to follow the procedure to avoid complications. This is why we have explained everything in this section so that you won’t have to stagger in the dark concerning business registration for import and export.

Things You Should Know Before Buying Bolts & Nuts

Be it for joining wooden or metallic parts, fasteners are the most important components you need to use, no matter what. These small tools help keep different parts joined together, which is why they are used in the manufacturing and hardware industry. There are many types of fasteners you can find in the market. The most common ones are bolts and nuts. Bolts are long, cylindrical structures with thick circular tops. Its exterior surface is machined with external threads along the length. Sometimes, the threads can run through the entire length of the bolt’s cylindrical body. It would help if you used a female counterpart to match the bolt, also termed a nut. It is a small hexagonal structure with a circular interior. On the inner surface, threads are machined to match the concerning bolt. Since the nuts and bolts always come in pairs, you cannot use one bolt with another nut. Besides, there are so many different types of bolts and nuts in the market that finding the right one is not easy. As a result, most people make huge mistakes and have to run to the shop again or halt their work until they get the right piece. Keeping the consequences in mind, we have discussed a complete buying guide with which you can easily choose the best pair of nuts and bolts.

Understanding the types of nuts and bolts

The first thing you need to know about nuts and bolts is the types available in the market. If you are not aware of the classifications, finding the right pair won’t be easy for you. So, before moving further, let’s look at the types of this fastener you can get in the market.
  1. Anchor bolts are used to attach or fixate any part to a solid, rigid foundation like a concrete slab or floor.
  2. Blind bolts: These are used in areas where you can access only the front side of the bolts and not the other one.
  3. Double-end bolts: In these fasteners, both ends of the cylinder are threaded but in different patterns, with a constricted neck at the middle.
  4. Eye bolts: These are almost similar to the traditional nuts and bolts but with an additional loop at the top of their heads.
  5. Flange bolts: In the flange bolts, threading is done only on a small region of the cylindrical body, while the rest of the area is used for distributing the clamping force.
  6. Hex bolts: The top head is shaped like a hexagon in the hex bolts. They usually have short to medium-length cylinders.
  7. Machined bolts and screws: Here, the bolts are transformed into screws since they have the screwdriver slot on the top of their head.
  8. U-shaped bolts are structured as the English letter U, but threading is done near the dual tips. The rest of the part is blank and used to balance the clamping force.

Material with which the nuts and bolts are made

Nuts and bolts are made from a wide range of materials and come with amazing finishes. So, before deciding the type of faster you would like to use, it is better to look into the materials with which the same are made. In the below discussion, we have discussed the major materials with which the nuts and bolts are made.
  1. Stainless steel is the main material used for manufacturing nuts and bolts because it is robust, strong, and won’t suffer from rusting. Hence, they can be used in a wide range of applications.
  2. Galvanized iron: Iron is a strong and highly durable element indeed. But it can form rust which is why the material is dipped into molten zinc. As zinc is more reactive than iron, it prevents the oxidation of iron and the formation of rust.
  3. Brass: Brass is another common material with which nuts and bolts are made. It is also an alloy and has a golden finish. These are mainly used in areas where the main goal is to enhance the item’s aesthetics.
  4. Hardened steel: Sometimes, steel is also used for manufacturing nuts and bolts. The material is extremely hard and can withstand a lot of wear and tear with ease.

Knowing more about the bolt and nut size

All bolts and nuts aren’t the same sizes. Besides, you can find nuts and bolts of the same size but featuring different thread patterns in several cases. Therefore, you cannot settle down with any element before considering the size and tread pattern of the nut and bolts. And to do so perfectly, you have to check its compatibility with the project workpieces.

Conclusion

Nuts and bolts are the most common fasteners you can use to fix different types of components with each other. However, choosing the right one is not an easy task with so many varieties available. So, if you have found yourself in a dilemma, do go through the facts we have mentioned above to have more clarity.